History Monday: Gukurahundi – CIO and Fifth Brigade Part 4

Hi, this is sourced from Nehanda Radio and the 1997 CCJP report and is a continuation from last History Monday
F.SUMMARY OF MATOBO INCIDENTS BY REGION

G.S.W – Gunshot Wound MASS DETN – Mass Detention ( 50 villagers estimated)

1.SOUTHERN MATOBO

DEAD: 16 plus others implied MISSING : 10 TORTURE: 70 ASSAULT :342 (includes 104 from truck accident) MASS BEATINGS:12estimate 600 villagers beaten RAPED:13 plus others implied G.S.W: 3 DETAINED:136 MASS DETN:8estimate 400 villagers detained PROPERTY BURNT:3 homesteads

2.CENTRAL MATOBO

DEAD: 102plus others implied MISSING: 20 TORTURE:1plus others implied ASSAULT: 141 MASS BEATINGS:13 estimate 650 villagers beaten RAPED:2plus others implied G.S.W: 1plus others implied DETAINED:28 MASS DETN:10estimate 500 villagers detained PROPERTY BURNT:31 homesteads

3. NORTHERN MATOBO

DEAD: 55 MISS: 9 ASSAULT:57 MASS BEATING:2 RAPED:2 DETAINED:60 PROPERTY BURNT:1

TOTALS

DEAD:183plus others implied MISSING:39plus others implied TORTURE:71plus hundreds implied ASSAULT:540 MASS BEATINGS:27estimate 1350 villagers beaten RAPED:17plus hundreds implied DETAINED:224 MASS DETN:18estimate 900 villagers detained PROPERTY BURNT:35 5.VILLAGE BY VILLAGE SUMMARY

NOTE: Numbers in brackets: indicate source numbers of BLPC interviews from which information was derived. ** indicates source document is in a CCJP file **** indicates an incident involving dissidents. For all other offenses, the perpetrators are army units, or Govt agencies such as the Central Intelligence Organization (CIO), or Police Support Unit (SU). 5 Brigade (5B) may be assumed as perpetrator unless another unit is mentioned.

Matobo has been divided into three regions for the purposes of this summary. While there appear to be some discernible patterns of difference in the experience of one region from another in this case study area, this could be the consequence of the fact that interviewing was not as wide-spread as in the first cast study area.

Current differences, such as the apparently large number of dead in the central region, might balance out with more thorough interviewing. It was noteworthy that before interviewing took place in September 1996, all the archival and academic information from all sources had been placed on the data base, and had revealed only 47 named dead in Matobo.

The process of interviewing and assessing in terms of “village”, increased this figure to over 220 in the space of four weeks. This represents a five-fold increase: many of the dead which were included at this stage were numbered dead indicated with full details of where and when, from the CCJP archives.

This is perhaps an indication of what might happen to the current figures for the dead in other districts where there is currently little named data available, if interviewing and village by village assessment took place.

ABBREVIATIONS:

MISS:Missing TORT:Tortured ( physical methods other than beatings) ASS:Assaulted ( physical torture – beatings) DETN:Detention GSW:Gun Shot Wound

Source:

1. Nehanda Radio (2012) ‘Gukurahundi Massacres: The 5 Brigade and CIO (Part 12)’

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